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The 1918 Cadillac Type 57 with engine number 57A704, known also by its United States military designation U.S. 1257X, is nationally significant based on its relation to four criteria. First, it is associated with important events in automotive and American history and culture. U.S. 1257X was used in the First World War (WWI) as a support vehicle for the American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F.) and Young Men’s Christian Association (Y.M.C.A.) efforts.
Second, it is associated with significant persons in American history, including the Cadillac’s first owner, Rev. Dr. John Hopkins Denison, Y.M.C.A secretary in France during WWI, clergyman, and scholar; and Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (the daughter- in-law of former President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt) who was charged with leading women’s involvement in the war efforts.
Third, the Cadillac features significant design and construction value: the V-8 Cadillac touring car featured engineering prowess that proved itself on the battlefield and in military tests it passed in order to serve as an official car of the U.S. Army for WWI. Its engine is representative of the first mass produced V-8 that was initially placed in the Cadillac Type 51 in September 1914.
Fourth, U.S. 1257X offers informational value as one of the only remaining vehicles used by the United States abroad in WWI and is the only known Cadillac to have participated in the war with a documented service record. Furthermore, it retains many of its original materials, components, craftsmanship and evidence of its service during the war. The period of significance for U.S. 1257X was from August 1917 to August 1919.
The Liberty Cadillac is on display starting December 10, 2019 and will be here for approximately six months.